International Agencies

Below you can find an overview and links to a limited selection of International Agencies that are directly related to mixed migration issues in the Horn of Africa.

The International Organization for Migration (IOM) works to help ensure the orderly and humane management of migration, to promote international cooperation on migration issues, to assist in the search for practical solutions to migration problems and to provide humanitarian assistance to migrants in need, including refugees and internally displaced people.

The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) is mandated to assist and protect the rights of asylum seekers, refugees, IDPs, stateless people and those that are in need on humanitarian grounds, with the aim of finding an eventual ‘durable solution’ for them; voluntary repatriation, local integration or third country resettlement.  UNHCR has a strong presence in the Horn of Africa and Yemen where it strives to provide for the large number of refugees and advocates on their behalf with local and national authorities as as-well as other relevant organizations, co-coordinating assistance and protection of the aforementioned individuals.

The United Nations Children Fund (UNICEF) is the driving force that helps build a world where the rights of every child are realized. UNICEF is active in the Horn of Africa and Yemen providing protection and care for unaccompanied minors and separated children who form a significant percentage of mixed migration flows in the region.

The Secretary-General established the United Nations Political Office for Somalia (UNPOS) on 15 April 1995, to help him advance the cause of peace and reconciliation through contacts with Somali leaders, civic organisations and the states and organizations concerned. Thousands of people have fled from or are internally displace by the insecurity in Somalia, and continue to do so.

The Danish Refugee Council (DRC) is a non-governmental non-profit, humanitarian organization working in more than 30 countries worldwide including the Horn of Africa and Yemen. It provides humanitarian assistance and protection to conflict affected and other vulnerable groups such as refugees, IDPs and host communities, advocating for ‘durable solutions’.  To ensure sustainability, DRC engages in capacity building activities with local and national authorities as well as other relevant organizations. The Danish Refugee Council works with a strategic focus on mixed migration reflecting the complex trends and drivers especially in the Horn of Africa and Yemen.

INTERSOS - 'Solidarity on the Frontline' - is a non-profit humanitarian aid organization that works to bring assistance to people in danger, victims of natural disasters and armed conflicts. Intersos has been involved in the analysis of migration fluxes in the Gulf of Aden and intervenes in Yemen, in support of refugees from Somalia, Ethiopia and Eritrea.

The Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) is a non-governmental organization which provides humanitarian assistance, protection and durable solutions to refugees and IDPs worldwide. NRC responds to emergency situations that are results of the drought in the Horn of Africa exacerbated by conflict and instability in Somalia which has led to mass displacement.

The International Rescue Committee (IRC) responds to the world’s worst humanitarian crises and helps people to survive and rebuild their lives. At work in over 40 countries and 22 U.S. cities to restore safety, dignity and hope, the IRC leads the way from harm to home.

The World Food Program (WFP) is part of the United Nations system which pursues a vision of the world in which every man, woman and child has access at all times to the food needed for an active and healthy life. In the Horn of Africa, WFP provides asylum seekers, refugees and IDPs with much needed food rations and other basic non-food items (NFI), essential for the daily survival of these groups.

The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) is the world's largest humanitarian network that reaches up to 150 million people in 187 National Societies through the work of over 13 million volunteers. They intervene before, during and after disasters and health emergencies to meet the needs and improve the lives of vulnerable people. The Red Crescent societies  follow a strong policy of impartiality which gives them access to ‘sensitive’ areas that most other agencies would be banned from by states, allowing them to reach those most in need displaced due to conflict. 

The Refugee Consortium of Kenya (RCK) is a registered national Non-Governmental Organization (NGO) that works for the protection of refugees, asylum-seekers, Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) and stateless persons. RCK was initiated in 1998 in response to the increasingly complex refugee situation in Kenya.  

Horn Relief is an African development organization which currently operates in Kenya and Somalia. They provide food in emergency cases – the on-going drought in the region- and work to better livelihoods as a long-term sustainable goal; both cases which potentially lead to displacement and migration.

The International Labour Organization (ILO) is responsible for drawing up and overseeing international labour standards. The ILO’s concern with international migration stems from its mandate on labour issues and is particularly important in ensuring that migrants in and from the Horn of Africa and Yemen are not exploited especially in the informal industry such as domestic work.

The United Nations Development Fund (UNDP) is the United Nations' global development network  advocating for change and connecting countries to knowledge, experience and resources to help people build a better life.

The United Nations Global Initiative to Fight Human Trafficking (UN.GIFT) was conceived to promote the global fight on human trafficking, on the basis of international agreements reached at the UN. To date, 140 parties have signed the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons especially Women and Children, which supplements the Palermo Convention against transnational organized crime.